Fiber-optic based connections are vastly superior over traditional copper wires. Data travels through fiber optics in the form of light signals, whereas copper wires could only transmit electrical signals. These wires were never designed to support high speeds; it is high time that the physical infrastructure catches up with modern technology. The ever growing demand for access to high internet speeds has led to huge investments in fiber optics. Fiber optic lines have taken time to become commonly used because it is expensive to lay fiber lines to individual homes, so companies kept relying on the old copper wires.
Fiber-optic connections are designed for efficiency, they offer faster data rates and can safely transmit data over huge distances. The speeds range from 100 megabits per second to 1 gigabit per second. Copper wires often end up corrupting data when stretched across longer distances; the signal needs to be enhanced at regular intervals while traveling.
The Growth of Fiber Optic Networks
Not long ago fiber optic connections used to be a rarity. The combined perfect storm of advantages of fiber optics and the limitations of the copper wiring has led to consumers and businesses demanding more reliable networks, which can handle fast speeds and are not vulnerable.
According to OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) the fixed-line broadband lines have grown by 25.3% in the years 2013-2014.The countries which had the largest expansion in broadband networks are:
- Switzerland (48.9%),
- Denmark (41.3%),
- The Netherlands (40.6%) and,
- France (39.2%)
Verizon, Google Fiber and FTTH (Fiber to the Home)
Google threw their hat into the fiber optic business and has slowly been expanding their fiber network in selected US cities. The data rate is 1Gbps; the coverage is however woefully limited, but they plan to expand.
Most companies are now creating special fiber optic service bundles in order to take advantage of the growing popularity of fiber-optics. Major Service provider Verizon has introduced a service called FiOS (television, internet and telephone bundle), which operates in about 13 states of the US. They continue to expand the coverage areas, the most recent milestone being, Fios coverage in Tampa area. The speed and quality of these services will continue to grow, get your home connected to the fiber optic grid and experience faster and reliant internet access.
According to the OECD, about 39.4% of the population in Florida has access to fiber optic broadband networks; the number of service providers is about 24.If you live in the US check the broadband service status in your area by using the National Broadband Map.
Developed countries in the world have invested heavily into their fiber optic infrastructure, resulting in some blazing fast speeds; the fastest speed connections are available to the lucky people of South Korea (an average of 13.3 Megabytes per second).
The internal networks of corporations are vast and complicated, they have stringent uptime requirements and cannot afford to compromise on safety or efficiency. They use broadband connections to make work fast and efficient. Their backbone networks are based on fiber-optics technology. The penetration of fiber optics into consumer homes will revolutionize the global economy.